" I would like to thank GOD,
because HE has given me Everything I needed,
if not Everything I asked ... - Babu"

Sunday, 3 June 2012

Comprehensive Strategy for getting 350+ score in Telugu Literature in UPSC Civil Services Exam with reasonable efforts

Finally, I am sharing strategy for getting good score of 350+ with reasonable efforts –
I apologize for using English script for writing this post.. i could not write in Telugu script as the editing takes a considerable time..

first I'll deal with analysis of recent changes in Telugu Literature exam and their pros and cons

please check the 2011 question paper in UPSC website at the following links –

the main change in the examination pattern is that the earlier essay questions of 60 marks each were split up in to 2 x 30 marks sub-questions. In brief one has to write 6 essay questions(even though smaller when compared to earlier essays) instead of earlier 3 essay questions. It can be observed that the two sub-questions of 30 marks each  in each essay question are from different chapters. So for attempting one full question, you should be thorough with both the chapters. In effect, it reduces the choice available to the student and thereby selective study cannot be fetching good marks any more.
Unfortunately, you might be knowing one sub-question each in every essay question, but your overall score will be less as you might not be able to write the other sub-question.

The other principle change in the exam pattern is –  
Scrapping of choice in short answer questions.
You can observe that the number of short answer questions was increased to  4 in each compulsory question instead of earlier 3 out of 4 short answer questions in each compulsory question in paper -1. This demands much more rigorous time planning and speed.

Thankfully, the number of short answer questions to be written was not increased in paper-2. But here also choice was scrapped. One has to write all the given short answer questions.

There should not be any surprise if the number of short answer questions is increased to 4 in each compulsory question in paper 2 as well in 2012 exam. One should be preparing for this surprise.

The moral of the story is –

However, one noticeable advantage of the changed pattern is –
You have to toil hard for short answer questions, as you need to study entire syllabus for this,
What you will get as a bonus is that the depth of analysis expected in essay questions will be obviously less.. therefore it is advantageous to average and above average students. Exceptionally talented  students also need not worry as their score will be boosted by atleast 10 marks in total. ( the logic here is that examiners will be liberal enough to give  18 out of 30 marks in new pattern where as they hardly gave 35+ marks earlier, i.e, examiners generally do not give ½ mark rather they may round if off to higher figure 

Now, I will deal with some frequently asked queries regarding the Telugu Literature paper

1. How to write answers close to  the manner expected by examiners?
Ans: One of the important aspect examiners look into the answers is the reading of original text books and understanding of the same, rather than copy-paste of some material or notes available in the market.
       I suppose that with vast experience they can distinguish between the original answers and copy-paste. Here, one point to be noted is that one can get the inspiration and ideas from various materials available in market. However, attempt to write ditto of some famous material can be easily noticeable and accordingly scores will suffer, if the candidate could not maintain same level of quality throughout the paper.
So, smooth flow of language and uniformity in the writing style are expected from a serious aspirant.

2. What is the difference between writing styles of paper 1 and paper 2?

Ans: As many of the aspirants already know, paper 1 needs more content and paper 2 needs more analysis.
In paper 1, your answer points will be almost same with the ones other aspirants write, since the source material available is mostly common. However, one can make a difference by writing good introductions and conclusions, these can have your own points and comments like contemporary relevance of the issue.
    For example, the points often written by most of the candidates about the  topic “తెలుగు భాష పై ఇతర భాషల ప్రభావం” are common.
However, a sensible candidate can comment about the undesired influence of English language on Telugu now a days and the unreasonable passion of the people about showing their knowledge of English and simultaneously neglecting mother tongue and how it makes our language listed in endangered languages list. This approach will not only makes the examiner clear that you are a sensible student of Telugu, but also fetches good marks.
Like this you can write sensible and RELEVANT  additional matter of your own.
For paper 2, the expected answers should have proper analysis of the portions in the syllabus. Very often, questions are coming from contemporary interpretations of the old as well as modern poetry. For this paper, aspirants should write innovative points WELL WITH IN BOUNDARY OF LOGICALLY ACCEPTABLE/ REASONABLE analysis. i.e., usually the interpreters and critics analyse the literature in a particular way, we should be constrain our answers to this well accepted notions, if you write anything on your own, it should be based on sound logic and reasoning. The language in this paper should be more poetic and literary. Use of famous quotations esp. from Sanskrit will be added flavour to your answers. You may link your interpretations to famous comments/expressions of well known writers. But, it should not be looking like forced inclusion. It should be like a natural parallel example etc.
For paper 2, one’s creativity in writing will be very much useful. People who have some experience in scribbling some poetry or other forms or even avid readers of poetry and literature beyond syllabus will have a definite advantage. However, aspirants keeping eye on examination need not worry, they can get reasonably good score with sufficient effort in writing practice.

3. How to write quotations in the answers?
Ans: This is the most important query of the beginners.
I presume the aspirants of having no prior literature study experience keeping the fact that most of the aspirants choose literature for its better scoring ability vis-a-vis other optionals. In view of this, I will try to simplify this problem.

The very purpose of writing quotations is to communicate the examiner that we have read the original text books.

Firstly, I would like to clarify that we need to write quotations for both the papers. However, we need them in paper2 essentially.

One more query often beginners have in mind that whether full poem need to be quoted or not.  Some senior students mislead beginners about this point. It is neither practicable nor more advantageous to write full length poems.
If anyone tries to write full length poems  also, he/she will certainly realise soon that it is very difficult to find the points of breaking of lines in the stanzas of poem.
So, my advice is- stop mugging up of the entire poems. Using relevant phrases or lines from poems is sufficient. It should be naturally woven into your answer, rather than forceful inclusion just to write some quotation.

One more tip to memorize and write quotations with ease is – first choose the portions of stanzas you find attractive to you in the entire chapter and those you  feel easy to remember.. for example, you may choose the portions like proverbs etc. Write the essence of the chapter on a paper with inclusion of these phrases or cut portions of the stanzas. Now, these few pages will be your own synopsis of the chapter used for revision.

After finishing this synopsis, record it on your mobile phone or voice recorder. As I found it, each chapter synopsis will take 10 to 15 minutes of time. Now listen this recording as many times as you can. You may have listen this recording when u take a break in usual study or taking an afternoon nap.
Slowly, you will get all these quotations ringing in your ears and your flow will be tremendously increased. ( thanks to my friend Lakshmi Narayana from whom i learnt the idea of recording and developed further for effective revision)

The above method is a must for paper 2.
For paper 1, read Telugu Sahitya Sameeksha two volumes by shri  G. Nagayya and collect your own quotations. You may take the best of both reading material available in the market and G. Nagayya’s book. Your answer will be little bit different to the routine answers and the chances of getting good marks will be increased.  

4. Time management during preparation and during the exam?

The above mentioned method of audio recording will save lot of your time and energy during preparation. The time saved can be utilized well for writing practice.

Time management during the exam –
In telugu literature papers, questions can be expected up to 80 to 90% accuracy. What I mean to say is not which exam question will be coming which year. I mean, the way of questions being asked can be predicted. For example, the trend of recent questions in paper 2 poetry is application of the four varieties of Vyakhyanas to essays as well. i.e, manastatva,  charitraka , taatvika drukpathalu etc. If you see the old question papers, examiners have ansked about the portrayal of characters in the chapters. Just they will add some adjectives like maanava swabhaavam etc. Other wise, the questions are being asked about the modern phylosophies applied to the old poetry etc.

You can make a list of possible questions and prepare the skeleton structure of answers. Prepare nice introductions and conclusions on your own or borrow from some material. But you should be pretty clear about how to start  and conclude the answer if a question from your list comes. Most of the times, even if a new question which is not in your list comes, your preparation for other questions will be very useful for writing answer to the question asked making some minor modifications.
Revise these structures as many times as possible. You may use recording method for this also.

Please understand that I am not suggesting to mug up answers. Just be prepared about how to start, conclude and what are the components you would like to have in your answer.

5. How can I  enrich my answers?
Ans: Be open for various enrichment sources like literary pages in telugu news papers and magazines etc. Be clear about the syllabus and think a while before reading some literary article whether it is relevant to any of the topics in the syllabus, if yes make a small note of important points and try to update your answer. You should be pretty clear about how to insert the newly found material in to your answer for enriching the same.

Try to check various Telugu Academy monographs on the topics relevant for our syllabus.
For example, i came across a title called “ ఆధునిక కవిత్వంలో ప్రక్రియలు, ధోరణులు”
Which is very relevant to our syllabus.

Try to get any good book on sankrit quotes as well, this may enrich your language and style.
I’ve read – Telugu Academy’s “సంస్కృత సూక్తి సౌరభం”

Plz, note that these materials are meant for giving extra edge to your answers. These are suggested for those who wish to score higher marks.  
6. Essential tips and things not to do in writing answers.

Ans: I gave few tips in my above answers.
Now, I will tell about the things not to do.
Spelling mistakes are not at all tolerable. Ideally, there should be no spelling mistakes in your answers. However, very few unintentional minor mistakes may not cause any harm, because examiner knows that you are writing a time bound exam.

Poor Vocabulary: Better do not repeat words many times in your answers even those are very good in general. It indicates that you lack words to express your ideas. Better try to compile good synonyms for those words and try to use them alternately in your writing practice. This is a continuous process and you better try to write some good expressions when u read some books and news papers etc. Caution:- many expressions in news papers are negative in nature, even though they are good in language.
For good vocabulary, philosophical and bhakti columns in news papers etc. will be useful.

   I think, I’ve mostly covered the important points I would like to convey.
Before I conclude, I would like to thank all my teachers, friends and authors of the books from whom I’ve learnt something in the process of learning.

Wish you all Good Luck.. 

Thursday, 7 July 2011

How to Prepare for Civils while doing Job

Is IAS or IPS your dream since your child hood?
But, you have joined some job for various reasons  viz.,  may be compulsion to work, problems in family, need of financial support, or you just didn’t want to take risk of being jobless for longer duration.. If you belong to this category of people.. then Read This Post..

With my experience in this examination, I would like to suggest something useful to you in taking the Civil Services Examination..

I presume that you are aware of the basic details of pattern of the exam and therefore I limit myself to the problems that are encountered in preparation for working lot of aspirants... For ease of reading, i will put this in question answer form –

Is it Mission Impossible for working people?
It’s not Mission Impossible.. but no doubt, it is a lengthy journey, you need to keep up your morale irrespective of any setbacks in first one or two attempts. ( and managing Boss/ HR is a continuous event while preparation for getting sufficient leaves etc. )

Can I crack the exam in first attempt?
I say it is possible if you get the suggestions of an experienced person regarding the strategy and dynamics of exam and work smartly and hard enough  and of course, above all  this  you need to be fortunate enough. (To be frank, I hate the repeated words of people about the CRACKING the exam and HARD WORK needed for this. My view is – this exam needs a certain level of knowledge and a kind of writing style, if you reach that level then you need to wait for getting the grace of LUCK for clearing this exam in flying colours and get IAS or IPS etc. In fact i have cleared this exam in my first attempt with the help of my experienced seniors, but i could not make it even for interview in my subsequent two attempts.)  Keeping aside what the TOPPERS or COACHES say, it’s plain truth that there is UNCERTAINITY in this exam due to the very nature of exam i.e., number of optionals, scaling, multiple interview boards etc.
 But the kick of Desired Success is the driving force for many aspirants.

How much time is required for preparation?
It varies from person to person; usually four months are required for getting foundation in optional. Four to six more months are required for getting foundation CSAT with guidance of any experienced person or teacher/coach.  Then it depends on your availability of time and effort to reach the required level of knowledge for clearing exam.

When should I start preparation for Civils?
Ideal time for starting preparation is June month of any year, i.e, immediately after preliminary examination is over, in the most of the coaching centres serious batches start for the mains immediately after prelims. If you are desiring to give 2012 mains seriously, then  you need to attend some coaching in June – Oct 2011 for mains. Your actual serious attempt, you should be revising the optional, not attending the classes. After you finish classes for mains, then you start preparation for CSAT.

What is the age limit to start preparation?
This question sounds funny.. but practically you have to consider this also.
You check the maximum age limit for this exam in notification and you ensure that you will have at least TWO or THREE or more attempts left.
You can think that 27 years or less for General people, 30 or less for OBC, 32 or less for SC/ST.
I advise you to check the notification and count your attempts left precisely before deciding about giving the exam.

How can I manage Work and Preparation simultaneously? 

This is the most important challenge for working people. i'll try to give some tips sharing my experience:

Group Study : You can manage preparation by forming some group of likeminded people and share the burden of preparing notes, gathering resources etc. Keep it in mind that this exam is not like any other in which lot many factors will decide the final result. It’s always better to share the information and prepare collectively, your knowledge will be definitely enriched if you share information rather following closed room preparation. At the final moments, the deciding factors will be Timely Recollection of the relevant information and race with time for writing the known answers.

Strategy: Working professional should be more strategic in preparation for best utilization of  the precious time. You can take help of experienced people in this regard. As per the recent trend, One should put more efforts on optionals and minimum efforts on GS (which is very volatile in nature). At least, in one optional one should get 350+ score for neutralizing the effect of volatile GS. Essay should not be taken for granted. Now a days, Essay paper is killing aspirations of many worthy people. (For safe essay strategy visit my post on Essay in this blog)

Current Affairs:   Reading News Paper is one important thing which is killing most of the time of working aspirants. It’s required but too much of emphasis on it will not give proportionate results.
So, my suggestions in this regard are –
               Listen to radio news in the evening (around 9pm) – it gives important news without any spice
               If possible read news paper one or two days delayed – It helps in avoiding sensationalized
The Hindu is very lengthy to read, of course it has very good content, but kills so much of time.
I suggest to go through “Indian Express”. It covers important news briefly without much spice.
If you are not daring to completely switch over to IE from Hindu, then follow Hindu Edit page, its enough.

Very brief notes for news paper can be made, if time permits. Brief means maximum 30 to 40 pages for duration about 4 to 5 months between pre and mains.

Front Line is very lengthy and not of very much use for mains. Better read Yojana, Kurukshetra for comprehensive relevant coverage.
If you like read some competitive magazine, otherwise also ok, if you read mains current affairs supplement of any competitive magazine.

Effective Usage of Time:

Prepare structures of important questions and try to think about them if you are free in office.
You can try to frame introductions and conclusions and skeleton structure of the important topics in lunch time or tea time etc. Carry a small note books and scribble the out put. It will be useful later.

Audio preparation: If you are a literature or Humanities student, you can record some portion/questions in your mobile of MP3 player and listen to them while you are travelling in bus/metro etc. No need to go for audio tutorials etc. If the recording is in your own voice with emphasis on points to be remembered, then it is very effective revision. (you can do this by simply reading aloud while you are doing first revision and placing a audio recorder. Never attempt  this tip in first time reading, it will create some confusion due to delay in understanding the concept. More over speed of the recording also should be moderate so that you can follow easily while you listen. )
This is how, I have revised my entire Telugu Literature Optional.

For those in shift working, studying may be tough as there is no regularity in timings. For improving the alertness and be free from sleepy mood, one may use ayurvedic medicine by name BRAHMI  (I have used Himalaya make Brahmi capsules for about two weeks during my mains to cope up with reduced sleep etc. I found it effective in improving alertness and reducing headache due to less sleep. The company says it’s completely safe. However, one may take advice of doctor for prolonged usage.)

Minimizing the time for Last minute Revision:  you can minimize your time for revision if you write short notes of important topics on small pieces of papers (size of the paper will be comfortable if standard A4 size paper is made into two half papers, pointing about size of the paper appears silly but it  also matters in turning the pages in the last moments). During the first revision, one should write  all the points he is tending to forget in this small notes, in brief this short notes should contain only the key words/phrases to ignite your memory. Then make small bunches of these  papers stapled together according to chapter wise and file in exam-paper wise  folders. This will save lot of your time  in searching for books whether textbooks or bulky note books in the last moment. This works very well with optionals like Electrical Engg. in which for each topic many books are available and we generally refer different books for the same chapters.

I hope this post is useful for you.. if you still have some doubts, you may ask your particular doubts here and get them clarified..

Good Luck

Thursday, 23 June 2011

తెలుగు వాడుక పదకోశం (Telugu words)

తెలుగు భాష అభివృద్ధికి ఈనాడు తదితర పత్రికలన్నీ నూతన పద కల్పన లోనూ, తెలుగు పదాల ప్రాచుర్యం లోనూ హర్షించదగ్గ కృషి చేస్తున్నాయి. మన భావవ్యక్తీకరణకి సరైన తెలుగు పదం సమయానికి గుర్తు రాకపొవడం తరచూ చాలామందికి అనుభవమే. ఈ చిన్న సమస్యకి సమాధానంగా ఈ పదాల మాలిక కూర్చే ప్రయత్నం. ఈ పదాలన్నీ నిత్యజీవితం లో వార్తాపత్రికల్లో కనిపించేవే. కాకపోతే ఇక్కడ ఒక మాలిక లాగా కూర్చే ప్రయత్నం చేస్తున్నా... ఎవరికైనా ఏదైనా సందేహం ఉంటే అడగవచ్చు. ఈ మాలిక కూర్పుకి సాయం కూడా చేయవచ్చు. (తెలుగులో రాయడానికి లేఖిని ని వినియోగించండి.  లేఖిని వెబ్ చిరునామా www.lekhini.org  )
అభినందనలతో ఇక ముందుకు......

కాంట్రాక్టర్ = గుత్తేదారు, కాంట్రాక్టు = గుత్త
ఫైలు = దస్త్రం 
job = కొలువు 
campus selections =  ప్రాంగణ నియామకాలు 


interview (eg. interview of Finance Minister in the media) = పరిచయ కార్యక్రమం
interview (eg. Civil Services interview) = మౌఖిక పరీక్ష

Analytic = విశ్లేషణాత్మక

Descriptive = వివరణాత్మక

Meet (eg. UN General Body meet ) = సదస్సు

Telephone  ని దూరవాణి అనడం వినే ఉంటారు.. మరి Mobile phone  ని ఏమంటారు? 
సంచార వాణి అని ఒక ఔత్సాహకుడి అనువాదం.. అయితే ఇంకా ప్రాచుర్యం పొందలేదు.


internet =  అంతర్జాలం
Broadcast (used for Radio) = ప్రసారం
Telecast (used for TV) = ప్రసారం
Live telecast = ప్రత్యక్ష ప్రసారం

scope ( eg. micro scope) అనే పదాన్ని దర్శిని అని అనువదిస్తారు
micro scope = సూక్ష్మదర్శిని
tele scope = దూరదర్శిని

endo scope ( used for viewing the internal parts of abdomen) = కుహరాంతరదర్శిని అని ఒక ఔత్సాహకుడి అనువాదం.. అయితే ఇంకా ప్రాచుర్యం పొందలేదు

(సశేషం-   మరిన్ని పదాల కోసం వేచి చూడండి)

Wednesday, 22 June 2011

Useful Answer Enrichment Sources for Telulgu Literature Papers

Dear friends,
By reading literary columns in the news papers and other books, our answers in Telugu Literature papers can be enriched both with content and in style. But one need to be very selective in reading these columns, because all the columns are not relevant for examination.

With my experience in this optional, I would like to help freshers and other aspirants by giving the useful web links for worthy material, i have gone through. ( Copying and pasting in this blog cannot be done due to ventilation of copy rights etc.).

The duration of  availability of this content on web is purely dependent on the archives of the original source. So, if you want to have a permanent reference, you may take a print out of the content in the web-links at the earliest.

please note that these sources may not be 100% useful for exam, because those are not written for this purpose.
Skim the articles and get your own cream which will be useful for enriching your answers in your own way and enable you to get very good score.

1. In Eenadu Sunday Magazine Dt.19-06-2011, an interview is  given by Sri Bujjai, son of  Sri Krishna Sastri on the eve of fathers' day.

it's really amazing that Sri Bujjai never attended any school and took his father as role model and in fact, Krishna Sastri garu is the University of Sri Bujjai.  Sri Bujjai settled as an artist later.

This story gives insight of the personality of Sri Krishna Sastri and useful in writing Vyakhyanas from Krishna Paksham in Paper 2

Read this interesting story at this following link.

There is an article in Sakshi News paper on 09-07-2011 in Family section - features subhead  regarding Bonalu festival in Telangana region. It explains in detail about what means what etc..

This is very much interesting and  useful for enriching Folk Literature/Culture topic  in Paper I part B.


Good Luck.

Wednesday, 1 June 2011

Electrical Queries to be answered by Srinivas, Electrical Topper


My friend and CSE-2010 Electrical topper Mr.  Srinivasa Rao  Bandaru will answer the queries of Electrical aspirants here -

The following is the book list we have followed originally suggested by Mr. Mutyalaraju Revu, AIR-01 in CSE-06.

1. Circuit Theory: Network analysis and synthesis by  Chaddha & others
2. Signals & Systems:  Openhem
3. E.M. Theory:  KD Prasad
4. Analog Electronics:  Sarkar (two volumes), Roy Chowdary (for ICs, Op Amps)
5. Digital Electronics: Moris mano, R. P.  Jain
6. Energy Conversion: P.S. Bhimbra
7. Power Electronics and Electric Drives: P.S. Bhimbra, Introduction to drives by GK Dubey
8. Analog Communication: Sam Shanmugam* (to be confirmed by srinivas)
1. Control Systems: Nagoor kani (two Volumes), Nagrath and Gopal
2 .  Mi c r o p r o c e s s o r s   a n d  Mi c r o c omputers: Gaonkar
3. Measurement and Instrumentation: Sawhney
4. Power Systems: Ashfaq hussain, Nagrath and Kothari,CL Wadhwa
5. Power System Protection: badri ram and viswa karma
6. Digital Communication: Sam Shanmugam* (to be confirmed by srinivas) 

Friday, 27 May 2011

Telugu Literature for UPSC Civil Services

Telugu Literature for UPSC Civil Services

Though I could score only 313 marks in my first attempt, I've scored consistently good marks in telugu literature since 2008-
my marks 365 in 2008, 339 in 2009 and finally 364 in 2010.

With my experience I suggest -

Reading all the original text books or portions in the syllabus at least once is mandatory.

Though one may have confidence in studying for the examination oneself, taking advice of reputed teaches will be immensely helpful in Telugu Literature preparation. This is mainly due to the reason - writing style matters a lot in scoring above average marks. As per my experience, content will fetch decent 300 in Telugu Literature, but scoring each mark above 300 needs a very good writing style that suits optionals like Literature. Good vocabulary and error free script will be advantageous.

Dr. P. Nagaraj sir is one of the top teachers available for Telugu Literature optional  in Hyderabad. His classes along with notes will form a strong foundation for getting average marks in the examination. However, the efforts of aspirant in practice sessions, enriching the content by reading extra books and literary columns of news papers will fetch marks beyond 350 +.

For paper 1 -

 For content enrichment the following books are suggested..
Telugu Sahitya Sameeksha by Dr. G. Nagayya  in two volumes are very much useful.
Reading material prepared by Shri GV Subrahmanyam and others for Hyderabad Study Circle is also very much useful.

For Paper 2

One need to write quotations from the original text books in this paper. Lot of variance will be there among the answers of different people.  

the more poetic and enriched with beautiful fresh thoughts your answers are, the more marks you will be getting.

Practice sessions will be of immense help.
For this paper, questions are being asked too indirectly having a lot of scope for writing one's own opinions.
the paper pattern is also very dynamic. hence preparation should be thorough with many practice sessions preferably corrected by a senior faculty or any experienced person.

Syllabus of Telugu Literature Optional in UPSC CSE Mains

Answers must be written in Telugu.
1. Place of Telugu among Dravidian languages and its antiquity-Etymological history of Telugu, Tenugu and Andhra.
2. Major linguistic changes in phonological, morphological, grammatical and syntactical levels, from Proto-Dravidian to old Telugu and from old Telugu to Modern Telugu.
3. Evolution of spoken Telugu when compared to classical Telugu-Formal and functional view of Telugu language.
4. Influence of other languages and its impact on Telugu.
5. Modernization of Telugu language.
(a) Linguistic and literary movements and their role in modernization of Telugu.
(b) Role of media in modernization of Telugu (Newspapers, Radio, TV etc.)
(c) Problems of terminology and mechanisms in coining new terms in Telugu in various discourses including scientific and technical.
6. Dialects of Telugu-Regional and social variations and problems of standardization.
7. Syntax-Major divisions of Telugu sentences-simple, complex and compound sentences-Noun and verb predications-Processes of nominlization and relativization-Direct and indirect reporting-conversion processes.
8. Translation-Problems of translation, cultural, social and idiomatic-Methods of translation-Approaches to translation-Literary and other kinds of translation-various uses of translation.
1. Literature in Pre-Nannaya Period-Marga and Desi poetry.
2. Nannaya Period-Historical and literary background of Andhra Mahabharata.
3. Saiva poets and their contribution-Dwipada, Sataka, Ragada, Udaharana.
4. Tikkana and his place in Telugu literature.
5. Errana and his literary works-Nachana Somana and his new approach to poetry.
6. Srinatha and Potana-Their woks and contribution.
7. Bhakti poets in Telugu literature-Tallapaka Annamayya, Ramadasu, Tyagayya.
8. Evolution of prabandhas-Kavya and prabandha.
9. Southern school of Telugu literature-Raghunatha Nayaka, Chemakura Vankatakavi and women poets-Literary forms like yakshagana, prose and padakavita.
10. Modern Telugu Literature and literary forms-Novel, Short Story, Drama, Playlet and poetic forms.
11. Literary Movements : Reformation, Nationalism, Neo-classicism, Romanticism and Progressive, Revolutionary movements.
12. Digambarakavulu, Feminist and Dalit Literature.
13. Main divisions of folk literature-Performing folk arts.
Answers must be written in Telugu.

This paper will require first hand reading of the prescribed texts and will be designed to test the candidate's critical ability, which will be in relation to the following approaches.
i) Aesthetic approach-Rasa, Dhwani, Vakroti and Auchitya-Formal and Structural-Imagery and Symbolism.
ii) Sociological, Historical, Ideological, Psychological approaches.
1. Nannaya-Dushyanta Charitra (Adiparva 4th Canto verses 5-109)
2. Tikkana-Sri Krishna Rayabaramu (Udyoga parva -3rd Canto verses 1-144)
3. Srinatha-Guna Nidhi Katha (Kasi-khandam, 4th Canto, verses 76-133)
4. Pingali Surana-Sugatri Salinulakatha (Kalapurnodayamu 4 Canto verses, 60-142)
5. Molla-Ramayanamu (Balakanda including avatarika)
6. Kasula Purushothama Kavi-Andhra Nayaka Satakamu
7. Gurajada Appa Rao-Animutyalu (Short stories)
8. Viswanatha Satyanarayana-Andhra prasasti
9. Devulapalli Krishna Sastry-Krishnapaksham (excluding Urvasi and Pravasam)
10. Sri Sri-Maha prastanam.
11. Jashuva-Gabbilam (Part I)
12. C. Narayana Reddy-Karpuravasanta rayalu.
13. Kanuparti Varalakshmamma-Sarada lekhalu (Part I)
14. Atreya-N.G.O.
15. Racha konda Visswanatha Sastry-Alpajaeevi.

Tuesday, 24 May 2011

My Civil Services interview 2010

My CSE interview 2010

Date: 28th April 2010 AN session

Optionals: Electrical Engg. and Telugu Literature

Hobbies: Painting and Scribbling Telugu Free Verse

Profile : working in railways for last four and half years.

            In the AN session I was the first candidate. We entered the waiting hall by 01:25 PM. I engaged myself in filling the feedback form while our certificates were verified. Around 02:15, we were told that our board chairman is Shri PK Misra and within five more minutes I was called for reporting at the interview chamber. My mood was totally off as there was enough propaganda by that time about how PK misra sir screwed people in interviews. Moreover, as per the propaganda, he is not so good at giving marks also.  I was asked to wait for  five more minutes outside the chamber. My anxiety levels were going high thinking what is going to happen inside for me. I prayed God and entered the room when I was asked to come in. there was 
a lady member also. Wished all of them and got seated.

Chairman appeared cool and smiling. He started my interview looking at my bio-data in his hands-

Ch: Oh.. Mr. Babu.. your bio-data says you are painter. What do you paint?

Me: (already nervous and anxiety levels are so high.. answer shot out from my mouth unknowingly) anything , sir

Ch: (laughing at me ... ) Anything.. Quite interesting..

Me: (got alerted and cursing myself for such a foolish first answer) Sir, I paint on different themes. For example recently I painted a work showing a lady with sorrowful face caught up in a whirlpool of colours. All the colours were dark indicating the problems of women.. (in that tension, I have forgotten to tell the name of painting which I prepared – “CHAKRA VYOOHAM”)

Ch: (interrupting my answer) so you paint landscapes also

Me: yes sir, I do village landscapes also.

Ch: what about urban landscapes?

Me: yes sir, I do urban scenes also.

Ch: see.. in cities you have commissioners where as in districts you have SPs? Why so?

Me: Sir, as far as I know, police commissioners in cities will have magisterial powers and SPs don’t have.

Ch: One magistrate plus one SP can do the same function of a commissioner, then why commissioners are there?

Me: sir, with increasing urbanization law and order problems will become more complex sir, that is why if magisterial powers are given to police boss it will improve efficiency of the system sir.

Ch: With urbanization everything is becoming complex.. not only law and order.. what about other reasons.

Me: sir, I’m not very sure, sir, I think handling organized criminals like mafia in cities like Mumbai and Hyderabad, commissionerate system will work better.

Ch: ok.. your hobby is painting.. tell me some names of painters

Me: MF hussain, SH Raza, FN Souza, Tyeb Mehta..

Ch: (interrupting me ) tell some names from south

Me: Bapu, Laxman yele etc.

Ch: oh come on .. tell someone from kerala

Me: (then it struck to me, I have ignored Raja Ravi Varma altogether.. cursing my foolishness) sorry ,sir I’ve forgotten to tell about Raja Ravi Varma..

Ch: (smiling at me) have you seen any of his paintings?

Me: Sir, I’m fortunate to see his paintings as Maharaja Fateh singh museum at Baroda as well as Govt. Museum at Trivendrum

Ch: ok.. you told about MF Hussain, where is he now?

Me: sir, he is staying at Dubai.

Ch: recently he has taken citizenship of some country know?

Me: yes,sir  he has taken citizenship of Qatar.

Ch: then what is his Indian citizenship status?

Me: sir, I’m not very sure sir, but I think he is now overseas citizen of India. ( thank God, it is true, but at that time I was not aware of this fact. only after demise of MF Hussain, i came to know that he had applied for OCI status with in a week of his acceptance of Qatar citizenship. )

Ch: is there any provision in constitution to retain Indian citizenship even after accepting another citizenship?

Me: There is no provision for retaining, sir. Recently Indian govt. decided to give NRIs and certain persons 
of Indian origin some rights in the name of overseas Indian citizenship. Sir, I’m not aware of the exact details.

M1: What is your surname?

Me: sir, Alli is my surname.

M1: what does it mean?

Me: sir, it is one of the verb forms of weaving in telugu

M1: ok Mr. Babu, you have been working in govt since quite a long time, about 5 years, tell me some problems in government?

Me: Sir, I have been working in Railways. with your permission I would like to tell about the problems I’ve seen in railways.

M1: ok. Go ahead.

Me: Sir, there is a lot of lack of coordination between the departments. For instance, when I was working as Assistant engineer I wanted to lay a cable on platform, which was opposed by civil engg. Dept. mean while poor passengers were suffering a lot, sir. We have strong trade unions affecting our efficiency badly. We are unable to cope up with challenges pertaining to safety. We have insufficient funds to take up expansion plans and development plans. Moreover, Railway assets are very old, we are unable to cater funds for replacing the old ones.

M1: how about having some 5 or 6 corporations in place of Railways.

Me:Sir, there are committees on working of railways (I cursed myself for forgetting the name of Rakesh Mohan committee, but didn’t want to waste time in thinking) suggesting corporatization of railways. It will certainly improve our efficiency.

M1: it will solve some of fund constraint also.. right?

Me: yes sir, it will be helpful

M1: (interrupting me ) so it’s better to have privatization also?

Me: Sir, Railway is the principle mode of transport to common man in india. Under govt. lot of cross subsidization is there and hence passenger fares are low.  If we run railways on purely commercial lines, common man will suffer a lot, sir.

M2: By hearing the word “National Integration” which ideas are coming in your mind?

Me: sir,  more than thousand languages and dialects with different cultures coming together to form one nation under one government.

M2: Railway is contributing for national integration right?

Me: yes sir, by providing transportation between different areas and aiding the connectivity between people.

M2: Now tell me how market is contributing to national integration?

Me: (this was the most ticklish question I’ve faced, it was unexpected and it was not clear about which he is asking, the idea I got by hearing the word market is “stock market”, I don’t know how it’s contributing to national integration. I kept blank face, I was silent without any response)

M2: (understood that I didn’t get the question clearly.. started to explain further.. thank god) suppose if same goods are available at Delhi and Chennai will it be contributing to better integration?

Me: Sir, I think dependence is also playing a vital role in integrating the nation.

Ch: Dependence.. how?

Me: Sir, if we don’t have all the resources and goods at one place, there will be exchange of resources and goods among the people of different places. There will be thankfulness among the people and improves national integration.

M2: ok.. can a painting be copied by another painter?

Me: sir, it should not be done, because, the original painting is the intellectual property of the original painter.

M2: can a painting be copied if some royalty is given to original painter?

Me: sir, I’m not sure about royalty, sir. But, as far as I know, copying of painting takes place because every one wants to keep the original paintings of Raja Ravi varma in their drawing room, but not every one can afford to have one. Keeping this in view some small artists produce imitations and sell at lower price.

M2: what should it be called – counterfeiting?

Me: yes sir, it can be called counterfeiting.

Ch: counterfeiting ?...!!!

Me: yes sir

M2: What is the punishment for such an act?

Me: sorry sir, I’m not aware.

M2: it’s minimum 2 years of imprisonment

Me: thank you sir.

M3: Who is Dailai lama?

Me: Sir,He is Tibetan religious leader who is  leading Tibetan government in exile till recently at Dharmasala.

M3: is he not leading government now?

Me: sir, from my knowledge of news papers, elections were conducted and Mr. Lobsang sangay got elected as new head of govt.

M3: when the new head will assume office?

Me: sorry sir, I’m not aware.

M3: from august 15th. By the way, who were the electors?

Me: sir, I’m not very sure about the electorate, but I think it consists of Tibetans all over the world.

M3: what kind of govt it was under Dalai lama. Is it democracy?

Me: Sir, I don’t know the name of such government system, but it is not certainly democracy.

M3: that system is “theocracy” in which religious head is the head of govt. tell me why china is not happy with dalai lama?

Me:Sir, Dalailama wants more autonomy for Tibet while china wants to exercise more control over Tibet.

M3: what is the Chinese interest in controlling Tibet?

Me: sir, china wants to exploit the resources like minerals and water resources in Tibet.

M3:Do you think there will be solution for Tibetan problem in near future?

Me: sir, from my knowledge of news papers, the newly elected head of Tibet was involved in back channel talks with china. Hence, I think there is a ray of hope that the issue will be solved soon.

M3:Chinese built a railway line upto Lhasa, can we think of connecting Ladakh with rail?

Me: Sir, Indian railway is also trying to develop rail network in J&K as well as NE. it recently opened a line in Kashmir..

M3: (interrupting me) upto baramulla.. that’s not at great height

Me:But railway is trying sir.. (then turn given to M4 who is a lady member)

M4: tell me how Indian railway is contributing to agriculture?

Me: Ma’m, Railway is main transporter of fertilizers and food grains. In recent railway budget minister announced building of  cold storages near railway stations to minimize wastage of food due to perishing.

M4: (looking at my bio-data) so your hobby is scribbling free verse.. (paused)

Me: ( I was tightening seat belts for takeoff with some Free Verse if asked just like in my previous interview)

M4: tell me some names of  telugu women writers

Me: (I got disappointed that my expected question was not posed.. any way started answering) Volga, Muppalla Ranga nayakamma

M4: (interrupting me) tell me something about Volga, her writings and her themes.

Me: ma’m, aakasamlo sagam was written by Volga. It means “we are half of the sky” (I’ve forgotten her most popular novel “Swetcha”). Ma’ m she is a staunch feminist writer. She says family is the chief reason for lack of women rights.

M4: ok..ok..do you know another male writer who is also supporter of women’s liberation..

Me: (I was thinking but not getting name)

M4: he has translated Tagore’s Gitanjali into Telugu,

Me: Ma’m he is shri Gudipati Venkata Chalam.

M4: yaa. That’s right.

Ch: (again taking the turn) so you are an engineer, before we end your interview, I’ll ask a technical question.. what is Reliability?

Me: (thinking that at the end I got a bouncer, it is very basic term but defining it is little bit difficult) Sorry sir, I’m unable to define it but with your permission I will try to explain it.

Ch: ok go ahead

Me: it’s fool proofness of  a system

Ch: fool proofness ? !!!

Me: sir, what I mean to say is for a system to be reliable, there should not be failures. 

Ch: ok what are the components of reliability?

Me: sir, quality and precision should be there..

Ch: what else?

Me: ( I could not add anything, though I was thinking)

Ch: don’t you think time should be a component. A system can not be reliable for infinite time. Isn’t it?

Me: true sir, thank you sir

Ch: now tell me what is parallel reliability?

Me: sir, I’m not very sure, but with your permission I will try. In a parallel reliable system there will be some redundancy..

Ch: (interrupting) Redundancy.. what’s it?

Me: ( I should have used another word. He is not happy with it.. I started explaining with an example) sir, in a parallel reliable system load will be shared by two or more subsystems like parallel operation of transformers..

Ch: ( he appeared not satisfied fully and interrupted again) then what is a series reliable system?

Me: sir, I think it is  the one in which whole system fails if any one of the series subsystem fails.

Ch: ( had a satisfied look at me) Yaa. It’s like the weakest link in a chain.
        Okay Mr. Babu, your interview is over, you may leave now.

In total, it was around 25 minutes interview. Had I went to the board without any prejudices towards PK Misra sir following the propaganda by some people, I would have done little bit better. Any way I felt it  as an above average interview.

Finally Misra Sir has awarded me a decent 180 marks for this interview. Unlike my first interview( http://babutelugu.blogspot.com/2011/05/my-first-cse-interview-2007.html ), I didn’t have any magic moments in this interview. But a decent figure in interview kept me standing at 266th rank in the exam.